By Anthony Celano
Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics had a profound impact on generations of later philosophers, not just within the historical period but additionally within the medieval interval and past. during this e-book, Anthony Celano explores how medieval authors recast Aristotle's Ethics in keeping with their very own ethical beliefs. He argues that the ethical usual for the Ethics is a human one, that is established upon the moral culture and the simplest practices of a given society. within the center a while, this human average used to be changed by way of person who is universally appropriate, given that its beginning is everlasting immutable divine legislation. Celano resolves the conflicting money owed of happiness in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, demonstrates the significance of the advantage of phronesis (practical wisdom), and exhibits how the medieval view of ethical reasoning alters Aristotle's proposal of ethical knowledge.
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Extra info for Aristotle’s Ethics and Medieval Philosophy: Moral Goodness and Practical Wisdom
E. edu/entries/episteme-techne/# Bib. 20 Practical wisdom in the moral theory of Aristotle by how well they perform their specific tasks, so too will a person be assessed according to actions that contribute to actualizing the human function (NE 1097b29-34). The element of judging other people is an integral part to Aristotle's ethics, since it allows citizens to discern which characteristics are to be emulated, and which persons should be deemed to have acted wisely. These judgments not only allow for the transmission of the moral tradition to future generation, but also provide a foundation for adopting novel elements into the culture.
32 The passage cited here gives equal place to both practical and theoretical wisdom in the formation of human happiness. v0pwrtivwv. v0pwmvov lit ,\tyoµrv, on Tax" av El'l Kai ~EATiov6<; nvo<; ii,\,\ou Twv ovTwv ru6aiµovia, olov 0rnu. v0pwm" rtpaKTWV. TOUTO 6° i:oTi TO uni:, T~v Kupiav naowv. ailT'l 6 · i:oTi no,\mK~ Kai oiKovoµ1K~ Kai q>p6v11m<;. "For the object aimed at is the chief good, and is the cause of the subordinate goods and first of all; so that the Absolute Good would be this - the End of the good practicable for man.
205-214. b Reconciling Aristotle's two accounts of happiness 27 Solon too was perhaps sketching well the happy person when he described him as moderately furnished with externals but as having done (as Solon thought) the noblest acts and lived temperately; for one can with but moderate possession do what one ought. (NE ll 79a9-13) Despite the importance in book X of the supremacy of the life of contemplation, Aristotle's addition of the condition of moral virtue (PEPtwK6,m; aw
Aristotle’s Ethics and Medieval Philosophy: Moral Goodness and Practical Wisdom by Anthony Celano