By Michael W. Clune
The years after global conflict have obvious a frequent fascination with the unfastened marketplace. Michael W. Clune considers this fascination in postwar literature. within the fictional worlds created by way of works starting from Frank O'Hara's poetry to nineties gangster rap, the industry is remodeled, supplying an alternate type of lifestyles, distinctive from either the social visions of the left and the individualist ethos of the precise. those principles additionally supply an unsettling instance of the way paintings takes on social energy through providing an get away from society. American Literature and the loose marketplace provides a brand new standpoint on a couple of broad ranging works for readers of yank post-war literature.
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Extra info for American Literature and the Free Market, 1945-2000
Schizophrenia [is] a successful attempt not to adapt to pseudosocial realities” (PE 67). The schizophrenic refusal of “pseudo-social” relations opens the way to a radical form of genuine human relations. “Madness need not be all breakdown. It may also be breakthrough” (PE 133). This “breakthrough” has the same structure as Esther’s breaking of the hospital mirror. Having totally forsaken intersubjectivity, schizophrenics “enter or are thrown into more or less total inner space” (PE 125). “Inner space” defines neither a pathology nor a personality; it is not the absence of relation but a new space of relation.
They can’t fix him in the space of intersubjectivity, in the gaze of recognition. JR’s attention to things, his buying and selling, his phone calls and telegrams, exemplify communication without recognition, collective action without intersubjective contact. 24 American Literature and the Free Market Finally, it is this uncanny ability to elude recognition that most Â� strikingly distinguishes JR from a titanic figure like Cowperwood. It’s hard to see JR; it’s hard to hear him. He ducks in and out of phone booths, speaks with a disguised voice over the phone, skips class to send out telegrams.
Madness opens a space for relations without recognition. For Laing schizophrenia is a “social fact and the social fact a political event” (PE 121). This event has been erased from the history of postwar thought. Laing’s schizophrenic has been replaced by Frederic Jameson’s, who shows us that nothing exists beyond the subject of recognition, of division, of alienation. Jameson places the schizophrenic at the heart of his periodizing study of postmodern literature in precisely these terms. 28 By equating the refusal of recognition with the breakdown of subjectivity, Plath’s recent critics have rewritten Esther’s insanity according to this script.
American Literature and the Free Market, 1945-2000 by Michael W. Clune