R. H. Mitchell, M. I. Novgorodova, E. I. Semenov (auth.),'s Advanced Mineralogy: Volume 1 Composition, Structure, and PDF

By R. H. Mitchell, M. I. Novgorodova, E. I. Semenov (auth.), Prof. Dr. A. S. Marfunin (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642785239

ISBN-13: 9783642785238

ISBN-10: 3642785255

ISBN-13: 9783642785252

All current introductory experiences of mineralogy are written accord­ ing to a similar set of rules, often referred to as the "Dana procedure of Mineralogy". Even smooth complex handbooks, that are cer­ tainly beneficial, contain easy facts on minerals and are basically descriptive. whilst uncomplicated info at the chemistry, constitution, optical and actual homes, special gains and para­ genesis of 200-400 minerals is gifted, then there's essentially no additional area on hand to incorporate new principles and ideas in accordance with contemporary mineral reviews. a potential approach to this trouble will be to give a booklet starting the place introductory textbooks finish for these already famil­ iar with the straight forward suggestions. any such quantity will be adapted to experts in all fields of technological know-how and undefined, drawn to the latest ends up in mineralogy. This method will be known as complex Mineralogy. the following, an try has been made to survey the present probabilities and goals in mineral subject investigations, together with the most features of all of the equipment, crucial difficulties and issues of mineral­ ogy, and similar stories. the person volumes are composed of brief, condensed chap­ ters. each one bankruptcy provides in an entire, albeit condensed, shape particular difficulties, tools, theories, and instructions of investigations, and estimates their significance and strategic place in technology and industry.

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Extra info for Advanced Mineralogy: Volume 1 Composition, Structure, and Properties of Mineral Matter: Concepts, Results, and Problems

Example text

Many systems of notation have been devised, giving greater or lesser structural detail, including those by Hey (1950), Povarennykh (1972), Strunz (1982), and more recently Lima-de-Faria et al. (1990), the latter being recommended by a subcommittee of the International Union of Crystallography. The notation recommended would give for example, for pyrite: Fe[601{g} [SP;llt], indicating Fe in sixfold octahedral coordination by sulfur and S tetrahedrally coordinated by 3 Fe and 1S, and for Mg, Al spinel: [Mg[4tlAI2[60104[1,3;12C01], indicating Mg in fourfold tetrahedral and Al in with one Mg and 3AI neighbors and selfsixfold octahedral coordination, coordinated by a cubo-octahedron of oxygens.

G. yimengite. The composition of the Earth's crust is dominated by eight major elements: 0, Si, AI, Fe, Mg, Ca, Na, K and four minor elements: Ti, Mn, P, H. 1 Chemical Composition of Minerals Table 2. Heterovalent substitutions in minerals 1. Lil +Ba2+ Mg2+Kl+ 2. Li 1+AI3+ Be 2+Be 2+ Beryl [NaAI NaAI MgMg CaMg Neighborite Diopside NaFe NaCe KFe AgBi Agln TlBi CaFe CaCa PbCu PbPb PbPb PbPb Hedenbergite Perovskite Beaverite Galena Galena Galena Lil +Si 4 + LiZr U Mg2+ AI3+ FeFe Phlogopite Tuhualite aSi NaSi CaAI SrAI Anorthite ~NaTi CaFe Augite NaTi NaZr KSi SrFe CaY BaAl Lamprophyllite Donneyite Hyalophane Mg2+Ti 4 + Taeniolite Perovskite Eudialyte Cryolite Jadeite Aegirine Loparite Jarosite Schapbachite Potosite Po to site 3.

For sulfides), m/M in the above formula is replaced by I/A, where A = atomic wt. of R. , by Hey (1939, 1954), Nicholls and Zussman (1954), Bulakh (1969, 1970, 1984), and Dollase and Newman (1984). , E"R octahedral; the number assumed has to be based on sound crystal-chemical principles. , the A sites of amphiboles, or the octahedral sites in micas, which may be intermediate between di- and tri-octahedral in character. ), or E" (all cations), since scaling to small groups will propagate greater errors.

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Advanced Mineralogy: Volume 1 Composition, Structure, and Properties of Mineral Matter: Concepts, Results, and Problems by R. H. Mitchell, M. I. Novgorodova, E. I. Semenov (auth.), Prof. Dr. A. S. Marfunin (eds.)


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