By Nohchool Park
A Cultural Interpretation of the South Korean autonomous Cinema flow, 1975-2004 examines the foundation and improvement of the autonomous cinema circulation in South Korea. The self reliant cinema move refers back to the motion pictures, movie theories, film-related cultural actions that emerged so that it will record social realities, to suggest the liberty of creative expression, and to symbolize the voices of marginalized social identities. My dissertation is the 1st try in English movie scholarship on Korean cinema to discover the historical past of non-commercial filmmaking performed within the identify of cinema circulate from Nineteen Seventies to 2000s. the first assets of research for this learn comprise movies, books, and archive fabrics. The hitherto unpublished stories and ancient details bought from the direct interviews with the autonomous filmmakers upload originality to this dissertation. Investigating the self reliant cinema circulate deals new views at the cultural learn of nationwide cinema flow and the present scholarship of South Korean cinema. This dissertation questions the dominant historiography relating to South Korean cinema which facilities at the Nineteen Sixties because the `golden age' of South Korean cinema and the Nineties as its renaissance. This place has a tendency to brush aside the intervening a long time of the Seventies and eighty because the `dark age' of the nationwide cinema. Defying the normal view, this learn indicates the presence of the recent new release of filmmakers and younger cinephiles who introduced a chain of latest cinema activities from the Seventies onward. during this regard, the Nineteen Seventies will be reinterpreted because the interval that marked the genesis of the hot wave realization within the background of South Korean cinema. moment, this research analyzes the heritage of the autonomous cinema stream as a dialogic technique among household cultural discourse and overseas movie theories. The filmmakers who initiated the self reliant cinema flow drew on Euro-American artwork cinemas, New Latin American Cinema, and the feminist movies from the West to include them into the family cultural context, generating the recent suggestions corresponding to the Small movie, the People's Cinema and the woman's movie. This truth demanding situations the nationwide cinema discourse which presupposes that the background of South Korean cinema is tested in the closed circuit of the nationwide heritage and conventional aesthetics. My dissertation is helping create another standpoint during which to work out the development of nationwide cinema as essentially an interplay among indigenous renowned discourses and overseas movie new waves. eventually, this dissertation takes under consideration the energetic roles of the autonomous filmmakers. It examines the flicks and manuscripts produced by way of the filmmakers to determine how they invented and elaborated their positions approximately cinema move within the given cultural box in each one interval. It will pay recognition to the cultural box the place the filmmakers are conditioned among what they desired to visualize and what's externally granted. Viewing a longtime cultural box as a hegemonic building, this learn additionally investigates the best way transformation happens from one cultural box to a different.
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Additional info for A cultural interpretation of the South Korean Independent Cinema Movement, 1975-2004
12 What is called minjung realism as such was highly influenced by Marxist socialist realism, especially that elaborated by Georg Lukács. In lined with s literature movement, university students paid attention to a more energetic side of minjung as the repository of indigenous national culture. They tried to recuperate the vitality of the folkloric minjung culture which had been supposedly buried in the course of Japanese colonial rule, the national division, and the military dictatorships. The students imposed on e revived folk-cultural items to the people, the true owners of folk culture 13 For instance, they adapted traditional mask dance (talchum) into creative mask dance (changjak talchum) in which the actors satirically reenacted real-life issues regarding society and politics.
Under the circumstance, the social movements often degenerated into factional conflicts, earning little support from grassroots people. The situation underwent a drastic change when the death of Park Chung-Hee sparked a series of democratization drives conducted by university students across the country. The students initiated the university de (h minjuhwa undong) with the aim to oust the professors who had collaborated with the military regime. 17 Chung Sung-Ill, one of the Small Film Festival promoters, said an infinite number of participants made the event an earthshaking incident because such a large-scale multitude had been unimaginable by the end of the 19 18 The sudden and short upsurge of mass mobilizations was called the Spring of Seoul.
Consequently, the Cultural Center Generation and its reception of the Oberhausen Manifesto paved the road for the Small Film movement in the early 1980s. ), ] (Seoul: Sodo, 2001), p. 188. 4 Kim Kyung-Hyun, The Remasculinization of Korean Cinema (Durham: Duke University Press, 2004), p. 208. ), A Study of South Korean Cinema History 1960-1979 [ 1960-1970] 6 Jang Mi-Hee, p. 188. 7 Lee Ho-Geol, (Seoul: KOFA, 2004), p. 91. , p. 96. 9 Kathleen McHugh and Nancy Abelman, South Korean Golden Age Melodrama (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 2005), p.
A cultural interpretation of the South Korean Independent Cinema Movement, 1975-2004 by Nohchool Park